biodegradable biosludge Health Latest PFAS PFOA

Biodegradable food bowls contain toxic chemicals

by Joseph Mercola, D.O., Ph.D. Per and Polyfluoroalkyl1,2 (PFAS) are extensively used chemicals that make merchandise water, oil, grease and stain resistant. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) have quite a lot of health issues – even at very low ranges of exposure – together with:

immune deficiency3 low delivery weight high blood pressure8
testicular cancer9 kidney most cancers10


In Might 2015, 200 researchers from 38 nations signed PF in the state of Madrid. , 11.12, which warns of the risks of all PFAS chemicals, each previous and new. In line with Madrid, the health results associated with previous long-chain PFASs, reminiscent of PFOA, embrace: 13

hepatic toxicity lipid metabolism issues and immune and endocrine system
opposed neuro-behavioral results. Neonatal toxicity and demise
tumors in multiple organs immune response to vaccines lowered hormone levels and delayed puberty


PFASs are "everywhere"

The degradation of PFAS chemicals takes hundreds of years, which is why many name them "forever" chemicals. “Disturbingly, these toxic chemicals are universal in our environment, including groundwater. 14.15

PFASs are also found in US food supply – and levels well above recommended levels. the limit for PFOA and PFAS in drinking water (food currently has no limits).

Of the 91 foods tested by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2017, as part of a comprehensive diet study16 (presented at the 2019 meeting) Association for Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 10 were found to contain PFAS. 18,19,20,21 How do they get there?

Food Packaging – A Significant Source of PFAS

Industrial production is just one route that PFAS enters into our environment and food supply. Another way is daily waste, such as fast food wrappers and containers that end up in landfills, where they continue to pollute the soil and water. Recently, the findings are bafflingly revealing that even so-called "biodegradable" food containers contain these "forever chemicals," which can cause an even bigger problem. Thinking that containers are biodegradable and safe, people place them in their compost, creating a vicious circle where chemicals contaminate and contaminate the compost, which is then mixed with the soil where they contaminate the food grown there. Ultimately, the chemicals get on your plate, now inside the food.

According to a 2007 study published by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention22, PFAS chemicals were found in the blood of more than 98% of Americans studied. Given their current presence in our food products, it seems reasonable to assume that everyone is somewhat susceptible and that blood levels are likely to have increased over the years from CDC testing.


Biodegradable Bowls Contain PFAS [19659028] Concerns about installing plastic waste forced fast food companies to invest in safer wrappers and containers, but recent findings reveal a significant lack of understanding on the part of some manufacturers. When writing about the new food economy, Joe Fassler reports the disappointing news: 23

“For the past five years, the biggest culinary star is not a chef, a restaurant group, or a cookbook writer. It is a bowl, a humble piece of food that has taken the world of commercial food service through the storm and is rising so fast that few have recognized its alarming secret.

If the molded fiberglass cup has become a kind of status symbol in the restaurant world … it is probably because they have been placed in response to the industry's alarming waste collection problem.

Many varieties are explicitly addressed to food service buyers for composting and have been certified by third-party reviewers, such as the Institute for Biodegradable Products. (BPI). Unlike styrofoam shells or waxed cookware, fiber products seem to turn into mushrooms …

But these products … instead, are contributing to the growing environmental crisis. According to experts in this story, all molded fiber cups contain PFAS. This means that bowls used in restaurants like Chipotle and Sweetgreen are not really compostable, as has been alleged. Instead, they are likely to make compost more toxic and to increase the chemical load on soil and water that they were supposed to help improve. "

All compostable bowls found to contain PFAS

For the purpose of the report, the New Food Economy tested. 18 biodegradable fiber bins from eight restaurants in 14 New York City locations, including Chipotle, Sweetgreen and Dig – three restaurants that claim to have composted their waste. All were found to contain high levels of fluoride, 24, which refers to PFAS. is used. The inside of the bowls (the food-contact side) contained an average of 1,599 parts per million (ppm) of fluorine, much higher than what was found in the accidentally contaminated sample. The test used now measures only the total fluorine content, not the individual PFAS chemicals, and the total concentration of any given PFAS is likely to be higher than the total fluorine content. Fassler explains: 25

“… [A] A bowl containing 1,670 ppm fluorine contains more PFAS because each molecule of a chemical compound contains several atoms – not just fluorine, but carbon and other elements.

Although, due to the diversity of PFAS chemicals, it is impossible to say for sure … according to a rough calculation, a bowl of 1,670 ppm fluorine would probably contain about 2,000 ppm PFAS. In other words: A bowl with a total PFAS of 2000 ppm could be mainly made from sugar cane fiber, but 0.2% of its total material would be made from fluorinated chemicals.

It may not sound very much. But due to the unique properties of fluorinated chemicals, it proves to be significant and alarming. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say that drinking water can only contain unlimited amounts of fluorinated chemicals before health problems occur. "


Don't Compost 'Biodegradable' Bowls

Research26,27 published in 2017, found fluoride in 46% of frozen freezer packs and take-over packages, and studies28, 29, 30 have confirmed that fluorinated chemicals can switch from packaging to food.

If it is true that 100% so-called. "Biodegradable" fiber cups contain PFAS, so they would in fact be much more dangerous alternatives than other "standard" wrappers and containers – at least in terms of PFAS exposure. As Fassler said, surface treatment with PFAS precisely prevents fiber bubbles from falling when filled with hot, wet or greasy food.

There is tremendous control over the use of toxic non-degradable chemicals in a biodegradable product. Obviously, restaurants shouldn't promote these containers for composting, but many do just that. So it's not surprising that the announcement has become a PR nightmare. As Fassler pointed out: 31

“… [A] ny products containing PFAS cannot really be composted, let alone biodegradable, although restaurants claim the opposite. While fiber products have benefits in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, tested bowls are likely to degrade soil and water quality. "

Recent research really confirms this warning. When investigating the presence of PFAS in compostable containers, the authors of Paper 32,33 in 2019 decided to evaluate the presence of these chemicals in municipal compost. In total, samples from nine commercial composting stations and one backyard composting facility were tested for 17 different PFAS. To confirm the suspicions, the compost that contained the food packaging had a toxic load ranging from 28.7 micrograms per kilogram to 75.9 micrograms / kg. On the other hand, compost samples without food packages had a contamination level of only 2.38 to 7.6 mcg / kg.

Although it is worrying that all compost samples contained PFOA and PFOS – older, long-chain PFAS that is no longer used – the compost in food packaging had significantly heavier content of various PFAS compounds. If the good news here is that some states have begun to take action against PFAS.


As Fassler said, 34 San Francisco bans PFAS-made bowls on January 1, 2020, and Washington's Healthy Food Packaging Act35 – issued in 2018 – bans all PFAS on paper food packaging, effective 2022.36. The disadvantage of the law is that the ban will not come into effect before or unless a safer alternative is commercially available.

Sewage Sludge – Important on PFAS Source Farms

As reported by The Intercept37 in June 2019, sewage sludge appears to be the major source of PFAS. Documents obtained by The Intercept38 reveal 44 samples of sewage effluent tested by the Maine Department of Environmental Protection. All contained at least one PFAS chemical, and “In all but two samples did the chemicals exceed the sludge safety limits that Maine set at the beginning of last year. . "

Maine PFAS tolerance levels are set at 2.5 billion parts (ppb) for PFOA, 5.2 ppb for PFOS, and 1,900 ppb for PFBS. Mike Belliveau, president of the Portland Center for Environmental Health Strategy, told The Intercept that these levels are "probably about 10 times weaker than they should be," adding that "even the smallest parts of the PFAS in slurry even threaten the health of our food supply."

on the dangers of sewage sludge in the present document "Biosludged" 39 and on scientific fraud by the US Environmental Protection Agency that legitimizes agricultural pollution as the use of contaminated industrial and human waste.

, accused of creating a fraudulent spinoff, Chemours, in an effort to avoid the environmental responsibilities of chemical production. (Chemours is the name of the spinoff company created by the Dow Chemical Inc. merger with DuPont in 201540) Chemours lawyers told Bloomberg: 41

“The separation agreement was the result of a one-sided process that lacked any dimension of the hand. DuPont unilaterally said the terms of the separation agreement and ordered them to Chemours. "


One of DuPont's environmental responsibilities is cleaning up Pompton Lakes in New Jersey. As reported by on July 15, 2019: 42

“New demands from the Office of the Attorney General have been tacitly added to changes to the lawsuit against DuPont and Chemours claiming financial compensation for widespread pollution in the Pompton Lakes. [19659029] This includes a neighborhood where residents have had to endure cancer-causing solvents that have moved under their homes for decades from the now-closed DuPont Explosives Plant.

Like dozens of sites across the United States, the Pompton Lakes cleanup had long existed. Liability of DuPont. It changed in July 2015 when DuPont founded Chemours as a spinoff company that took over most of DuPont's environmental responsibilities.

But two separate lawsuits filed against DuPont – one by New Jersey officials and the other by Chemours – claim what many Pompton Lakes feared during the spinoff:

DuPont created Chemours to isolate itself from future clean-up and natural resource damage and left Chemours exposed to financial problems that could jeopardize cleanup operations in the New Jersey area and throughout the country. "

Indeed, the lawsuit brought by Chemours against DuPont claims that DuPont set up the company from the outset, letting DuPont just walk away from all its cleaning responsibilities.

Chemours now demands court to dismiss DuPont's claim for unlimited environmental liability.43 (Chemours claims to have now ceased manufacturing three PFAS products for use in fat-proof packaging.44)

North Jersey stated that Chemours claims at the time the company was founded, the company received only 19% of DuPont's business lines, while taking up two-thirds of environmental liability and 90% of all pending litigation at DuPont.

All in all, Chemours' debts exceeded revenue by 5.5 on acquisition, but its management team was not fully informed of the company's financial position. Chemours also claims that DuPont systematically underestimates the legal and environmental clean-up costs.

“For example, DuPont estimates that three lawsuits against it for PFOA poisoning would cost up to $ 128 million. Chemours paid $ 671 million less than two years later, ”North Jersey studies. 45 efforts to stop stricter laws. Nevertheless, numerous current hearings on PFAS46, 47, 48, 48 have taken place and democratic legislators have pledged to proceed with corporate duty. Think of progress stories.49 As said by the Affiliation of Involved Researchers on Might 15, 2019, press release. : 50

“Today, the House of Representatives Committee on Energy and Commerce held a hearing on Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS), a widely used group of chemicals that pollute millions of American drinking water. Representatives also introduced a series of bills to control the threat of PFAS pollution, including legislation that would require the US Environmental Protection Agency to designate PFAS as hazardous chemicals, and bills to expand water testing, improve water infrastructure, help communities address PFAS pollution, in the future. This attempt to tackle the common and dangerous class of pollutants is long overdue … ”

Some states also take issues into their very own arms. For instance, in Michigan, the place PFAS is a standard water pollutant, it’s stated to intend to enact specific PFAS laws to protect residents as an alternative of ready for EPA action.51

The New Jersey Environmental Conservation Company additionally has corporate duty points of interest. Commissioner Catherine McCabe advised Assume Progress, 52 "New Jersey believes that manufacturers … should be liable to the public for the costs and damages of drinking water contamination and for the other harmful consequences of their actions and negligence."


The right way to Keep away from PFAS Chemicals

The Madrid assertion recommends avoiding all PFAS-based merchandise. Observe that they embrace merchandise which might be stain resistant, waterproof, or non-stick. Helpful ideas may also be discovered within the EWG Information to Keep away from PFCS. 53 Other options to assist avoid these hazardous chemicals are avoidance:

articles which were handled with stain removers and do not take these remedies to buy new furnishings and carpets water and / or stain repellent clothes – One drop is , when an article product of artificial fibers is described as 'breathable'. These are sometimes handled with polytetrafluoroethylene, an artificial fluoropolymer. flame retardant chemicals54— Consists of a wide array of baby equipment, upholstered furnishings, mattresses and pillows. As an alternative, select naturally much less flammable materials akin to leather, wool and cotton. Fast Food and Cutlery – Wraps are sometimes handled with PFCs. Microwave Popcorn – PFC is probably not just contained in the bag. , it might additionally switch to the oil from the packaging during heating. As an alternative, use "old-fashioned" cooktop popcorn Nonstick cookware and different cookware – More healthy options are ceramic and enamelled forged iron cookware, each durable, straightforward to wash and utterly inert, which signifies that they do not leak all harmful chemicals your own home.

A more moderen sort of non-stick cookware, referred to as Duralon, makes use of a non-fluorescent nylon polymer for a non-stick coating. Although this appears protected, the safest guess continues to be ceramic and enamelled forged iron. Although some advocate using aluminum, chrome steel and copper cookware, I do not, for the following reasons: Aluminum is a strongly suspected explanation for Alzheimer's disease and chrome steel incorporates alloys containing nickel, chromium, molybdenum and carbon. For those with nickel allergy this may be a particularly necessary consideration. Copper articles are also not beneficial as most copper pans are lined with other metals, which causes the same considerations as above. (Copper cookware needs to be lined for copper poisoning potential.)

Oral-B Glide and all other private care products that contain PTFE or "fluorine" or "perfluorine" elements – EWG has a superb database referred to as Skin Deep55, you possibly can learn more healthy choices Unfiltered faucet water – Sadly, your decisions are limited in terms of avoiding PFAS in consuming water. Both you might want to filter the water or get the water from a clean source. Both options could be problematic and / or expensive. While many select bottled water, it is very important perceive that PFASs aren’t regulated in bottled water, so there isn’t a assure that they won’t contain these or other chemicals. Bottled water also will increase the danger of exposure to hazardous plastic chemicals, corresponding to bisphenol A, which has its personal well being danger collection.

Commonest grocery store water filters do not take away PFAS. You need a very top quality carbon filtration system. The New Jersey Consuming Water High quality Institute recommends using granulated activated carbon "or equally effective techniques" to take away PFC chemicals corresponding to PFOA and PFOS from potable water.56 Activated carbon has been shown to remove roughly 90% of these chemicals. [19659102] * The article originally appeared in Mercola.

Copyright 2019 – Reprinted with permission of the entire story, with hyperlinks to the unique story?>